Tagged with "International Law"
The Acquisition of Sovereignty by Quasi-States: The case of the Order of Malta Tags: state sovereignty Order of Malta international law non-state entities

Noel Cox


Auckland University of Technology - Faculty of Business



Mountbatten Journal of Legal Studies, Forthcoming


Abstract:     
The Sovereign Military Order of St John of Jerusalem, of Rhodes and of Malta, also known as the Order of Malta, the Order of St John of Jerusalem, or simply the Hospitallers, is a unique international confraternity. It is the only organization currently recognized, albeit by a minority of states, as quasi-sovereign. In view of the claims which have been made from time to time by other orders of chivalry - or even pretended orders - to such status, it is worthwhile looking more closely at the claims made by or on behalf of the Order of Malta. In so doing we may help to locate the origin and nature of this so-called sovereignty, and answer the question of which orders of chivalry are likewise 'sovereign', or, indeed, whether the Order of Malta itself is truly sovereign.

The article begins with a brief look at the concepts of sovereignty and statehood as traditionally understood. A survey is then made of the origins of what might be called anomalous entities - bodies which have some status at international law, but which are not traditional states. The special position of the Holy See is covered. The case of the Order of Malta is then examined in its historical context, and the basis for its claimed sovereignty assessed. The position of branches of the Order, and of other ancient religious orders is looked at. The lessons from the example of the Order of Malta for the relationship of territory and statehood are evaluated.

 

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The Beamable Sustainable Princes Video Presentation

This DVD explores the issue of sustainable development and the fascinating history of England's Crown and its forfeiture to a religious power. You will learn how it came about that England and its vassals now belong to Rome and how an agenda of worldwide control is being foisted on Earth's inhabitants. History has startling answers to why we are seeing certain players on the world stage. Find out in this significant and eye-opening presentation.

Government has right to murder U.S. citizens anywhere, anytime, without legal review Tags: Sovereign Citizen American Immunity Domestic Terrorism Paper Terrorism Duality Right of Self Determination International Law U.S. Citizen

US Attorney General Eric Holder confirms government has right to murder U.S. citizens anywhere, anytime, without legal review by J. D. Heyes (NaturalNews)

Attorney General Eric Holder, Jr., says the U.S. Constitution does not protect American citizens who may be plotting to kill other Americans via terrorism. In a speech at Northwestern University School of Law in Chicago this week, (http://www.washingtonpost.com) he said: "The American people can be -- and deserve to be -- assured that actions taken in their defense are consistent with their values and their laws." Holder said anyone deemed to pose an "imminent threat" to other Americans and who could not otherwise be reasonably captured could face the business end of a sniper or drone-launched missile, or any number of other killing techniques. Critical factors that would result in such a decision include a "relevant window of opportunity to act, the possible harm that missing the window would cause to civilians and the likelihood of heading off future disastrous attacks against the United States." Holder went onto say the president is not bound by the Constitution to delay assassinations of American citizens until some "theoretical end stage of planning -- when the precise time, place and manner of an attack become clear," The Washington Post reported.
"Given the nature of how terrorists act and where they tend to hide, it may not always be feasible to capture a U.S. citizen terrorist who presents an imminent threat of violent attack," Holder said.
http://www.naturalnews.com/z035184_Eric_Holder_American_citizens_murder.html

 

15 Signs That America Has Become A Crazy Control Freak Nation Where Almost Everything Is Illegal.

In the film Edge of Darkness, Mel Gibson stated that "everything is illegal in Massachusetts". Well, the same could pretty much be said for the United States as a whole. Our lives are governed by millions of laws, rules and regulations and more are being piled on all the time. In fact, 40,000 new laws just went into effect in January. Every single new law restricts your freedom just a little bit more. The truth is that America has become a crazy control freak nation where virtually everything that we do is highly regulated. You have probably broken multiple laws today that you don't even know exist. We have all become criminals and lawbreakers because almost everything is illegal at this point. Our politicians are convinced that they are "making life better" by piling gigantic mountains of laws on to our backs, and law enforcement authorities are convinced that they are helping society by "cracking down on crime", but the reality is that our liberties and our freedoms are being strangled by all of this government oppression.
Yes, every society needs laws. But the laws should be short enough and simple enough that everybody can read them and understand them.
In America today, there is no possible way that any of us could ever read all of the laws that apply to us.

The following are 15 signs that America has become a crazy control freak nation where almost everything is illegal....
#1 One California town is actually considering making it illegal to smoke in your own backyard.
#2 In Louisiana, a church was recently ordered to stop giving out water because it did not have a permit to do so.
#3 In the United States it is illegal to operate a train that does not have an "F" painted on the front. Apparently without that "F" we all might not know where the front of the train is.
#4 In many U.S. states is it now illegal to collect rain that falls from the sky on to your own property.
#5 In America today it is illegal to milk your cow and sell the milk to your neighbor. If you do this, there is a good chance that federal agents will raid your home at the crack of dawn.
#6 In Washington D.C. it is illegal not to recycle cat litter.
#7 It is illegal to give a tour of the monuments in Washington D.C. without a license.
#8 In the United States it is illegal to sell natural cures for cancer - even if they work.
#9 In the state of Massachusetts it is illegal to deface a milk carton.
#10 If you register with a false name on MySpace or Facebook you could potentially "spend five years in federal prison".
#11 In Hazelwood, Missouri it is illegal for little girls to sell girl scout cookies in the front yards of their own homes.
#12 All over the United States lemonade stands run by children are being shut down because they do not have the proper permits.
#13 In Florida, it is illegal to bring a plastic butter knife to school.
#14 In San Juan Capistrano, California it is illegal to hold a home Bible study without a "conditional use permit".
#15 In the city of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania it is illegal to make even a single dollar from a blog unless you buy a $300 business license.
Sadly, this list of crazy laws and ridiculous regulations could be thousands long.
We are a nation run by a bunch of control freaks that do not care about our liberties and our freedoms.
In this 40 minute video, John Stossel goes into great detail about how almost everything is illegal in America today.
http://endoftheamericandream.com/archives/19-signs-that-america-has-become-a-crazy-control-freak-nation-where-almost-everything-is-illegal

 

Big Brother Propaganda: Sovereign Citizens: Radicals Exercising 'God-Given Rights' or Fueling Domestic Terrorism?
Watch: http://abcnews.go.com/US/sovereign-citizens-radicals-exercising-god-rights-fueling-domestic/story?id=15876417

If you think the IRS is lawful & that your Income Tax goes to running the United States watch: America: Freedom to Fascism: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O6ayb02bwp0

And where do the income taxes that are collected actually go? In 1982, President Ronald Reagan formed The President's Private Sector Survey On Cost Control, an independent panel of 160 of the country's top business leaders headed by Peter Grace and known as The Grace Commission, in order to find ways to cut federal spending.
In their report submitted to President Reagan on January 15, 1984, this blue-ribbon panel stated the following, quoting directly from page 12 of their report:
"Resistance to additional income taxes would be even more widespread if people were aware that one-third of all their taxes are consumed by waste and inefficiency in the Federal government as previously identified. With two-thirds of everyone's personal income taxes wasted or not collected, 100% of what is collected is absorbed solely by interest on the federal debt ... in other words, all individual income tax revenues are gone before one nickel is spent on the services taxpayers expect from the government." More Facts Regarding the IRS:

1. The IRS is not a U.S. Government Agency. It is an Agency of the IMF. (Diversified Metal Products v. IRS et al. CV-93-405E-EJE U.S.D.C.D.I., Public Law 94-564, Senate Report 94-1148 pg. 5967, Reorganization Plan No. 26, Public Law 102-391.) 2. The IMF is an Agency of the United Nations. (Blacks Law Dictionary 6th Ed. Pg. 816)
3. The U.S. Has not had a Treasury since 1921. (41 Stat. Ch.214 pg. 654) 4. The U.S. Treasury is now the IMF. (Presidential Documents Volume 29-No.4 pg. 113, 22 U.S.C. 285-288)

What's the big deal about the Fed? For starters, it's not (contrary to popular belief) a part of the government. It's privately owned...which means the United States does not control its own money supply. The Fed was created around the same time that the US adopted such charming practices as taxing the income of working people and conscripting its citizens against their will to fight and die in overseas wars. Who really rules America? It's not who you think.

Watch “Money as Debt”:
http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=-2550156453790090544

 

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